List of Indian Inventions
In this post, we will count down the Top-10 Indian Inventions that not only represented the scientific might of Indians but also changed the world for the better. Be it a small invention like a button or something as skilled as plastic surgery, Indian inventions have been helpful to mankind. In the following countdown, we are sharing a list of Indian inventions that we have picked and rated based on their impact on mankind or the sheer brilliance behind it corresponding to the times they were invented.
We have deliberately excluded the inventions made by Indians while they were working for foreign companies or inventions which were invented by Indians but not in India.
Without wasting any more time, let us start our COUNTDOWN!
Our top-10 list of Indian inventions begins with an invention that might sound irrelevant or unimportant to many. But buttons as a fastening device has been very useful. They are not only an integral part of our clothing but also various forms of it are used in many devices and machines.
Buttons can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization in 2000 BCE. From being used for ornamental purposes initially, to fasteners, buttons were made of seashells and were carved into different geometric shapes. Today, buttons are made with numerous materials and are used all over the world.
This one on our list of Indian inventions might come as a surprise. But we have India to thank for our great hair. Shampoo, which we use on a daily basis today was originated in ancient India. During the reign of the Mughal Empire in 1762, it was more like a head massage oil which later evolved as a Shampoo. The word Shampoo comes from the Hindi word ‘chāmpo’, meaning massage. Earlier it consisted of various herbs and their extracts, particularly, gooseberry, soapberries, also shikakai, hibiscus flowers, ritha were used.
As the world celebrates ‘International Yoga Day on 21st June every year, India is proudly being the country where it was originated. It is believed to be introduced in the pre-Vedic Indian traditions, in the Indus valley civilization around 3000 BC. Yoga includes not just physical exercise but also states the importance of meditation and spiritual practices. Today, Yoga is practised worldwide for healthy living. It indeed deserves to be on any list of Indian inventions.
#7. Plastic Surgery
A surgery dealing with the restoration, reconstruction or alteration of the human body, known as Plastic surgery was first performed in India dating back to 800 BC. Sushruta, a physician and Charaka are known for their valuable contribution in the field. Later the techniques were adopted by many countries.
Ayurveda, an alternative medicine system has its origins rooted in India since prehistoric times. Ayurvedic therapies usually consist of herbal compounds, minerals and metal substances.
It also provides teachings on surgical techniques such as rhinoplasty, kidney stone extractions and some more. With commercial marketing and increased awareness, Ayurveda has been gaining huge popularity. Being in existence since prehistoric times shows the brilliance of Indian inventors and their ability to research even during those times. The mere prehistoric roots of Ayurveda is enough to get it in this Top-10 list of Indian inventions.
Natural fibres such as cotton, jute, wool, etc. gets the fifth spont on our list of Indian inventions. The utter genius of converting these fibers into threads and then into fabric has given us great fabrics today.
The inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilisation grew cotton during the 5th millennium–4th millennium BCE and converted the cotton into threads, which were later used in fabrics. Also, since ancient times, India has been growing jute (a plant fibre) and exporting raw jute to the West.
#4. Cataract surgery
An Indian physician, Sushruta was the person behind inventing the cataract surgery, a lens replacement surgery, dating back to the 6th century BC. His knowledge and techniques led to successful operations and were spread to other countries. Also, he asked to perform the surgery only when absolutely necessary.
#3. Crystallized Sugar
Sugar remained relatively unimportant until the Indians discovered methods of turning sugarcane juice into granulated crystals that were easier to store and transport.
Crystallized sugar was discovered by the time of the Imperial Guptas, around the 5th century CE. Today, India is one of the top sugar exporting countries in the world.
#2. Wireless communication
Wireless communication has become a part of our life. Be it using wireless internet, or a mobile phone, wireless communication is almost essential to our day to day life.
The credit for inventing Wireless Communication goes to Jagadish Chandra Bose, an Indian scientist. In November 1894 in Calcutta, he put forward his first public demonstration of the use of radio waves.
Before we move to the Top spot on the list of Indian inventions let us check out a couple of Indian inventions that missed the Top-10 by a whisker. However, they definitely deserve the mention.
Mysorean rockets were an Indian military weapon. The first iron-cased rockets successfully deployed for military use. The Mysorean army, under Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan, used the rockets effectively against the British East India Company during the 1780s and 1790s. Their conflicts with the company exposed the British to this technology, which was then used to advance European rocketry with the development of the Congreve rocket in 1805.
Diamond Mining and Tools
If you take a look at portraits of Indian historic royalty, the love that Indians has for diamonds will be made apparent. The Koh-i-Noor diamond, one of the largest cut diamond is of Indian origin. Dating back to antiquity, diamond mining has been a part of India and was the only source of the diamond until the 1700s.
#1. The top Invention on our List of Indian Inventions is:
Zero: The number ‘Zero’ gets the top spot on our list of Indian inventions. Zero was a very significant invention by Aryabhata, considering the history of mathematics as it would not have been possible to create a binary system leading to the computer. The concept of zero in the place value system was developed in India and can be dated back to the 5th century during the Gupta period.
We hope you liked our Top-10 list of Indian Inventions. Please let us know your view in the comments below. You can also tell us more countdowns you would like to see.